There has been tremendous resurgence of bed bug infestations all over the country. Residences, apartments, housing groups, hospitality industry (motels/hotels), property management groups and public spaces like the hospitals, university dorms, and schools have all been battling the bed bug menace. The evolution of resistance to residual insecticides due to repeated usage has contributed significantly to the re-emergence of bed bugs as a serious pest & a threat to public health.
The human bed bug, Cimex lectularius, is a small parasitic insect that infests areas where humans sleep, rest, or remain stationary for extended periods. Once on a victim, bed bugs feed for 3 – 6 minutes then quickly move away from the host to harbor cracks and crevices, digesting this blood meal for the purposes of growth, mating and egg production. The bed bugs are excellent hitchhikers and their presence has little to do with sanitation. Adult bed bugs can survive for up to seven months without blood and have been known to live in empty buildings for up to one year.
Although bed bugs have never been shown to transmit disease through their bite, repeated feeding on the same host may manifest itself as itchy, lesions and can promote discomfort, anxiety, sleeplessness, and a reduced quality of life.