Recently, there has been tremendous resurgence of bed bug infestations all over the country. Residences, apartments, low income housing groups, hospitality industry, hospitals, and school university dorms have all been battling the bed bug menace. The evolution of resistance to residual insecticides due to repeated usage has contributed significantly to the re-emergence of bed bugs as a serious pest & a threat to public health.
Bedbugs can survive a year without food – namely, human blood – and they will go on the crawl for it. A single female can lay several hundred eggs during her year of life – the egg sacs are transparent, stick to anything, and are impervious to available pesticides – and each of those offspring can reproduce within a few months.
The human bed bug, Cimex lectularius, is a small parasitic insect that infests areas where humans sleep, rest, or remain stationary for extended periods. Once on a victim, bed bugs feed for 3 – 6 minutes then quickly move away from the host to harbor in cracks and crevices, digesting their blood meal for the purposes of growth, mating and egg production. The bed bugs are excellent hitchhikers and their presence has little to do with sanitation. Adult bed bugs have been known to live in empty buildings for up to one year.
Although bed bugs have never been shown to transmit disease through their bite, repeated feeding on the same host may manifest itself as itchy, lesions and can promote discomfort, anxiety, sleeplessness, and a reduced quality of life.